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President:
Mamnoon Hussain
Prime Minister:
Nawaz Sharif
Capital:
Islamabad (Islamabad Capital Territory).
Area:
Total: 803,940 sq km
land: 778,720 sq km
water: 25,220 sq km
Climate:
Generally arid; hot summers, cool or cold winters; wide variations of temperature in given locale and between coastal area on Arabian Sea and glacial regions of northern areas; little rainfall.
Natural Resources:
Land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone
Environment-international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Population & its structure:
1138,123,359 (Approx.)

10-14 years: 41% (male 29,423,876; female 27,763,774)
15-64 years: 55% (male 38,533,918; female 36,804,592)
65 years and over: 4% (male 2,768,942; female 2,828,257) (Approx.)

Population growth rate:
2.18% (1999 est.)
Birth rate:
33.51 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)
Death rate:
10.45 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)
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